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Sam Sole has become a household name in South Africa. He is currently a lead investigative journalist for a South African newspapers, the Mail & Guardian. He is notorious for his investigations into controversy involving the South African Government. His in-depth coverage resulted in an accusation by former South African president, Thabo Mbeki, of being a spy.
Sam Sole was born Stephen Patrick Sole in 1962. He is married to Christine Sole and together they have two children. He is the son of Donald Bell Sole , a career diplomat who rose to be the South African ambassador to the United States from 1977 to 1982  and the South African ambassador to Germany in the 70s. Donald was one of the founder members of The Sole Society in 1991. 
Sam Sole has been a journalist for over 20 years since 1986. He served as president of the now inactive South African Union of Journalists from 1996 to 1998. The majority of Sole’s investigative work has revolved around revealing the ‘hidden hand’ of the state since 1994, as well as during the apartheid regime period.
Sole's first major breakthrough story came in 1992 with his investigations of the events surrounding the Goniwe murders and the activities of a specialised unit called the Hammer Unit which was used for private military operations in the Eastern Cape circa 1989. During late 1994 and 1995, Sole together with Jean Le May, uncovered South Africa’s Chemical and Biological Warfare programme and Dr Wouter Basson's prominent role in the programme. 
Sole has worked with many news publications before he finally joined the Mail & Guardian in 2002. Sole has worked for the investigative magazine Noseweek and was employed as political editor of the Sunday Tribune.
Recognitions and Awards
Other Professional Activities
Sole is a part-time journalism lecturer at the Durban University of Technology.
Other publications that Sole has contributed to is State of the nation: South Africa edited by John Daniel, Roger Southall, Jessica Lutchman. He wrote a paper entitled "The state of corruption and accountability" in which he discusses South Africa's efforts to contain and roll back corruption.
He wrote his first and only editorial review on Terry Crawford-Browne’s Eye on the Money. Sole’s piece appeared in the Mail & Guardian in 2007 under the headline “From Banker to Arms Gorilla”.
In 2007, the Mail & Guardian lodged complaints with the Inspector General of Intelligence Zolile Ngcakani after there were reports that Sam Sole, Stefaans Brümmer and former editor Ferial Haffajee were being pursued and spied on by state security agencies. The inspector-general admitted that they were spied on and were subjected to smear campaigns, but did not reveal the reasons why this happened. Sole was accused in an joint intelligence report prepared for former president Thabo Mbeki of being a spy.
Sam Sole.Investigative Journalist. Mail and Guardian. firstname.lastname@example.org
1. Reiss, Mitchell. Bridled ambition: why countries constrain their nuclear capabilities. Washington: The Woodrow WIlson Center Press, 1995.
2. The Sole Society. 2004 SOLE Co-ordinator's report. Retrieved 18 October 2009, 02:35PM from http://www.sole.org.uk/
3. Profiles of Speakers. Investigative Journalism Workshop.
Retrieved 19 October 2009, 01:32 AM from http://www.journalism.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=297&Itemid=61
Taco Kuiper Awards.2008. Investigative Journalism Awrads and Grants. Journalism.co.za. Retrieved 18 October 2009, 02:29PM from http://www.journalism.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=415&Itemid=309
S. Sole and S. Brummer.2009. M&G was spied on. Mail and Guardian Online.
Retrieved 18 October 2009, 02:42PM from http://www.mg.co.za/printformat/single/2009-09-24-mg-was-spied-on
Story of the Year. 2007.A series of 32 pages covering Vusi Pokoli and Jackie Selebi.PMSA.Retrieved 18 October 2009, 02:51PM fromhttp://www.printmedia.org.za/awards/mondi-shanduka/2007
Dawes, Nic. Mail & Gaurdian Inspector General of Intellegence Complaints. 2007. Retrieved 19 October 2009, 04:32PM from http://www.mg.co.za/uploads/2009/09/24/mg-igi-complaint-redacted.pdf
Newspaper writer wins Journalist of the Year.2002. The Herald.
Retrieved 18 October 2009, 08:44PM from http://www.theherald.co.za/herald/2003/11/03/news/n08_03112003.htm
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Keyword tags: Mail and Guardian Mondi Award Sam Sole Stefaans Brummer Sunday Tribune Taco Kuiper Vodacom Journalist of the Year
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